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Paradosiakoi oikismoi

 Chora
 
Chora or Messaria, the capital of Kythnos , is amphitheatrically built on the side of a hill. It is 8km from Merichas the port of the island. It was built in the 17th century and has been inhabited ever since. 
Chora of Kythnos enchants all visitors with its vivid cycladic style and its authentic island atmosphere. Small squares and picturesque paved alleys with traditional restaurants, coffee bars, patisseries and commercial establishments, pristine white houses with coloured doors and windows, stairs arcades and shades churches and windmills, all of which compose a marvellous residential area.
 
It is worth visiting the remarkable churches of Chora characterised  by their distinctive architecture and their rich interior decoration. Among them the temple of Agios Savvas stands out – dating from 1613, bearing the coat of arms of A. Gozadinos-, the temple of Sotira with a 17th century screen and the church of Agia Triada as the oldest on the whole island. Furthermore, you ought to visit the monastery of Panagia tou Nikous built at a breathtaking location. A dark school used to be run in the basement of the monastery, while-today- you can admire a beautiful canopy over the bier cloth of the Virgin Mary.
 
On the north east side of Chora you will find the Wind Park at which electrical energy is produced. It is the first Wind Power Station ever to be put into operation in Greece.
 
Setting off from Chora, you may visit Loutra (the port of Chora) as well as all nearly beaches such as: Potamia, Agios Sostis, Schinari, Agios Stefanos just to name a few.
 
Dryopida
 
Dryopida has traditional tile roofed houses of exceptional architecture, old churches, beautiful small squares, picturesque alleys and arches that fascinate the visitor. It was named after Dryopes – the first inhabitants of the island according to tradition. The Chorio – or Syllaka mainly used by the locals – surrounded by hills and that cannot be seen from the sea – has had a long tradition in pottery through the years-. It is 7km from Chora.
 

In Dryopida you can visit the Byzantine Museum which has gospels, icons and crosses of the 18th and 19th century, copper and gold plated church utensils, carved wooden objects, a bier cloth of the 18th century depicting parts of Jesus’ life and a carved wooden gold plated screen. In addition you can visit the Folklore Museum which houses traditional costumes, house hold utensils, old furniture, embroideries, hand-woven items and many more objects. Furthermore, you can visit the War Memorial, the Cave Katafiki, with a rich stalactite décor, the church of Taxiarchis situated at Velidi –to the north of Dryopida- a three aisled domed basilica which was once used as the ledger of monastery, the church of Agios Ioannis Prodromos towering over a panoramic view, and of unique architectural style,also once used as the ledger of a monastery. Alternatively, you could visit the church of Agios Nektarios where you can admire a marvellous view of the open sea and sunset, and last, the country chapel of  Agios Athanasios on the crossroad towards Kalo Livadi.

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This seaside settlement is 5kms from Chora. Despite its significant tourist facilities, the area still preserves its traditional characteristics. This picturesque settlement is built round the bays of Loutra, Agia Eirini, Schoinari, and Maroulas, all of which are beaches worth visiting for a swim.

This region is famous for its hot water springs, the therapeutic qualities of which have been known since antiquity. The thermal springs are the only ones in the Cyclades and they are actually two in number. The first one – named Agioi Anargiroi is located inside the spa facilities, while the second one- named The spring of Caucasus- is 50m from the spa and its temperature reaches 52o C. It has been proved that the water of the springs is indicated for the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, and gynecological diseases. The spa had ever been visited by King Othon and his wife Amalia. 
The medieval capital of Kythnos used to be situated where Loutra is located today. In the area Kefalokastro, you will find the remains of the Castle of Oria. It is worth visiting as you will see the ruins of houses and churches of that period and at the same time you will enjoy the amazing scenery; the wild beauty of the landscape will enchant you.